Assembling DNA Barcodes

  • Jeremy R. deWaard
  • Natalia V. Ivanova
  • Mehrdad Hajibabaei
  • Paul D. N. Hebert
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 410)


The Barcode of Life initiative represents an ambitious effort to develop an identification system for eukaryotic life based on the analysis of sequence diversity in short, standardized gene regions. Work is furthest advanced for members of the animal kingdom. In this case, a target gene region has been selected (cytochrome c oxidase I) and pilot studies have validated its effectiveness in species discovery and identification. Based on these positive results, there is now a growing effort to both gather barcode records on a large-scale for members of this kingdom and to identify target barcode regions for the other kingdoms of eukaryotes. In this chapter, we detail the protocols involved in the assembly of DNA barcode records for members of the animal kingdom, but many of these approaches are of more general application.


Biodiversity COI cytochrome c oxidase I DNA barcoding DNA sequencing mitochondria species identification taxonomy 



We thank Alex Borisenko, Rob Dooh, Teresa Crease, Robert Hanner, Angela Holliss, Stephanie Kirk, Paula Mackie, Pia Marquart, Erin Penton, Keith Pickthorn, Cadhla Ramsden, Sujeevan Ratnasingham, Alex Smith, Janet Topan, Taika von Konigslow, Adam Yule, and Tyler Zemlak for their aid in protocol development. Grants from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, NSERC, the Canada Foundation for Innovation and the Ontario Innovation Trust aided preparation of this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Humana Press, a part of Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeremy R. deWaard
    • 1
  • Natalia V. Ivanova
    • 1
  • Mehrdad Hajibabaei
    • 1
  • Paul D. N. Hebert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Integrative BiologyBiodiversity Institute of Ontario, University of GuelphGuelphCanada

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