Microarrays pp 115-136 | Cite as

Utilization of Microarray Platforms in Clinical Practice

An Insight on the Preparation and Amplification of Nucleic Acids From Frozen and Fixed Tissues
  • Fahd Al-Mulla
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 382)


The last decade has witnessed an impressive upsurge in the utilization of microarray platforms for biomedical research. However, the application of this emerging technology in medical practice lagged behind. This lag is understandable because there are specific issues pertaining to the utilization of clinical samples, which has to be rigorously addressed and overcome before microarrays enter mainstream medical practice. Such issues include cost, ethics, the complexity and heterogeneity of human tissue architecture, and their corresponding diseases, the type of tissues to be used, nucleic acids amplification, and experimental variability. As microarrays enter, albeit cautiously, the frontline of clinical practice, investigators and clinicians require to set up protocols that address these issues. This chapter decribes the methods used for nucleic acids preparation from frozen and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded human tissues using macro-and microdissection and show their suitability for use in microarray experiments.

Key Words

Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue microarrays microdissection nucleic acids extraction amplification frozen tissue 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc., Totowa, NJ 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fahd Al-Mulla
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathology, Molecular Pathology Division, Faculty of MedicineKuwait UniversitySafatKuwait

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