Linear-After-The-Exponential Polymerase Chain Reaction and Allied Technologies
Accurate detection of gene sequences in single cells is the ultimate challenge to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sensitivity. Unfortunately, commonly used conventional and real-time PCR techniques are often too unreliable at that level to provide the accuracy needed for clinical diagnosis. Here we provide details of linear-after-the-exponential-PCR (LATE-PCR), a method similar to asymmetric PCR in the use of primers at different concentrations, but with novel design criteria to ensure high efficiency and specificity. Compared with conventional PCR, LATE-PCR increases the signal strength and allele discrimination capability of oligonucleotide probes such as molecular beacons and reduces variability among replicate samples. The analysis of real-time kinetics of LATEPCR signals provides a means for improving the accuracy of single cell genetic diagnosis.
Key WordsAsymmetric PCR cell lysis fluorescent probes molecular beacons proteinase K real-time PCR
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