Normal Modes and Essential Dynamics

  • Steven Hayward
  • Bert L. de Groot
Part of the Methods Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 443)


Normal mode analysis and essential dynamics analysis are powerful methods used for the analysis of collective motions in biomolecules. Their application has led to an appreciation of the importance of protein dynamics in function and the relationship between structure and dynamical behavior. In this chapter, the methods and their implementation are introduced and recent developments such as elastic networks and advanced sampling techniques are described.


Collective protein dynamics Conformational flooding Conformational sampling Elastic network Principal component analysis 


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Copyright information

© Humana Press, a part of Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Hayward
    • 1
  • Bert L. de Groot
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Computing Sciences and School of Biological SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for Biophysical ChemistryGöttingenGermany

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