Carotenoid Isotopolog Profiling in 13C-Labeled Leaf Extracts by LC-MS and LC-FTICR-MS

  • Björn Thiele
  • Shizue MatsubaraEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2083)


Mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolite analysis combined with stable isotope labeling offers a powerful tool to study dynamic regulation of metabolic pathways and metabolite fluxes in biological systems. Here we describe a method to analyze the composition of carotenoid isotopologs in 13C-labeled leaf extracts by using liquid chromatography (LC)-MS and LC-Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR)-MS. High mass resolution of the latter enables unambiguous assignment of observed mass to a unique chemical formula. Based on peak intensity the relative abundance and the degree of 13C labeling are calculated for individual carotenoid isotopologs.

Key words

13C labeling Carotenoid metabolism Degree of labeling FTICR-MS Isotopolog profiling LC-MS 



We thank Ingar Janzik and Andrea Neuwohner for 13C-labeled leaf material of peppermint.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IBG-2: Plant Sciences, Forschungszentrum JülichJülichGermany
  2. 2.IBG-3: Agrosphere, Forschungszentrum JülichJülichGermany

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