Fractionation of Tomato Fruit Chromoplasts

  • Karel De Pourcq
  • Albert BoronatEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2083)


Chromoplast differentiation involves an active synthesis of carotenoids associated with the remodeling of the preexisting plastid membrane systems to form specialized structures involved in the sequestration and storage of the synthesized carotenoids. These subplastidial structures show remarkable morphological differences and seem to be adapted to the accumulation of particular carotenoids in some plant species and organs. At present, very little is known about chromoplast biogenesis and the role of the different suborganellar structures in the synthesis and storage of carotenoids. The combination of classical fractionation methods with the use of biochemical and -omics techniques represents an attractive approach to unravel novel aspects related with the biochemical and cellular mechanisms underlying the biogenesis of the structures involved in the biosynthesis and storage of carotenoids during chromoplast differentiation. Here we describe a combined protocol for the isolation, lysis and fractionation of tomato fruit chromoplast. The fractions obtained are suitable for metabolomics and proteomics analysis.

Key words

Chromoplast Carotenoid Proteomics Fractionation Tomato fruit 



We acknowledge the financial support of AGAUR-Generalitat de Catalunya (Grant 2017 SGR 710), the CERCA Programme of the Generalitat de Catalunya and the Severo Ochoa Programme for Centres of Excellence in R&D 2016–2019 to CRAG (SEV-2015-0533). AB is member of the Spanish Carotenoid Network (CaRed) funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Grants BIO2015-71703-REDT and BIO2017-90877-REDT).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Research in Agricultural Genomics (CSIC-IRTA-UAB-UB), BellaterraBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biomedicine, Faculty of BiologyUniversity of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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