Qualitative Analysis of Urine for Abnormal Constituents
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In ancient period analysis of body excretion was done for diagnosis of diseased condition. Generally fresh urine of normal person is transparent with aromatic odor-containing urochrome. Normal adult individuals excrete urine in a range of 1.2–1.8 l per day. Increased output of urine called as polyuria arises in diseased conditions like contracted kidney, diabetes, etc., while reduction in output (oliguria) is observed in certain shock and nephritis. Anuria, complete suppression of urine, occurs in renal failure.