Qualitative Analysis of Urine for Abnormal Constituents

  • Aakanchha Jain
  • Richa Jain
  • Sourabh Jain
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)


In ancient period analysis of body excretion was done for diagnosis of diseased condition. Generally fresh urine of normal person is transparent with aromatic odor-containing urochrome. Normal adult individuals excrete urine in a range of 1.2–1.8 l per day. Increased output of urine called as polyuria arises in diseased conditions like contracted kidney, diabetes, etc., while reduction in output (oliguria) is observed in certain shock and nephritis. Anuria, complete suppression of urine, occurs in renal failure.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aakanchha Jain
    • 1
  • Richa Jain
    • 2
  • Sourabh Jain
    • 3
  1. 1.Bhagyoday Tirth Pharmacy CollegeSagarIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Scientific Research and DevelopmentPeople’s UniversityBhopalIndia
  3. 3.Sagar Institute of Pharmaceutical SciencesSagarIndia

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