Integrated Immunoprecipitation: Blue Native Gel Electrophoresis—Mass Spectrometry for the Identification of Protein Subcomplexes
Proteins typically act as components of poly-protein complexes, which may vary in composition and function, and may depend on subcellular localization and cellular state. To understand their biology, there is a need to identify the constituents in these various protein complexes. Conventional immunoprecipitation combined with proteomics analysis is nowadays routinely used to identify multiple interactors of a bait protein; however, it is unable to distinguish protein subcomplexes from one another. Blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is appropriate to separate individual protein complexes. Here, we describe a protocol that combines the specificity of immunoprecipitation, the size separating capacity of Blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and subsequent mass spectrometry to delineate the protein constituents in subcomplexes of a targeted protein.
KeywordsImmunoprecipitation Blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis Protein complexes Mass spectrometry Proteomics
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