Malaria Situation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Residual and Resurgent Transmission and Challenges for Control and Elimination

  • Marcelo U. FerreiraEmail author
  • Marcia C. Castro
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2013)


Despite recent progress toward malaria elimination in Latin America and the Caribbean, with an overall 62% decrease in incidence between 2000 and 2015, malaria remains endemic to 21 countries and territories in the region, where 120 million people are exposed to some risk of infection. Here we review recent epidemiologic trends, highlight current challenges, and briefly discuss the relative role of traditional and novel strategies for better malaria control and elimination across the continent.

Key words

Malaria Latin America Epidemiology Control Elimination 



The authors’ malaria-related studies have been funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the National Institutes of Health (U19 AI089681 to Joseph M. Vinetz), and the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP, 2016/18740-9 to MUF), Brazil. MUF receives a senior researcher scholarship from the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico of Brazil; MCC received a visitor researcher scholarship from FAPESP (2013/17259-7).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Parasitology, Institute of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Global Health and PopulationHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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