Current Malaria Situation in Asia-Oceania
Asia-Oceania is a diverse region that comprises roughly 65% of the global population at risk for malaria. In 2016 WHO estimated the number of malaria cases across the Asia-Oceania to be 17 million, which is only a small part (8%) of the total global malaria burden, and the number of cases is shrinking rapidly. Most countries have brought their cases down to the point where elimination is in sight. Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax) is becoming the dominant malaria species in many of those countries, where malaria occurs in hot spots of transmission frequently along international borders. The challenge is now to concentrate on those areas. This chapter reviews the situation in various areas of the Region and focuses on a number of important issues, including the prevalence of P. vivax and drug-resistant malaria.
Key wordsMalaria South West Asia South East Asian Region Western Pacific Region Elimination Plasmodium vivax Resistance
The following individuals have contributed to this manuscript: Ghasem Zamani, Mohammad Sami Nahzat, Mya S. Ngon, Preecha Prempree, Dysoley Lek, and Akira Kaneko. We are also grateful to the Bureau of Vector Borne Disease Control, Department of Disease Control, Thai Ministry of Public Health, for their support.
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