An Introduction to Methods for Discovery and Functional Analysis of MicroRNAs in Plants

  • Alma Armenta-Medina
  • C. Stewart GillmorEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1932)


MicroRNAs play important roles in posttranscriptional regulation of plant development, metabolism, and abiotic stress responses. The recent generation of massive amounts of small RNA sequence data, along with development of bioinformatic tools to identify miRNAs and their mRNA targets, has led to an explosion of newly identified putative miRNAs in plants. Genome editing techniques like CRISPR-Cas9 will allow us to study the biological role of these potential novel miRNAs by efficiently targeting both the miRNA and its mRNA target. In this chapter, we review bioinformatic tools and experimental methods for the identification and functional characterization of miRNAs and their target mRNAs in plants.

Key words

MicroRNA miRNA RNA-Seq Target prediction Gene regulation CRISPR-Cas9 



Thanks to Cei Abreu-Goodger for comments on this manuscript. Research on miRNAs in the Gillmor laboratory is supported by grant CN-17-64 from the University of California Institute for Mexico and the United States (UC MEXUS) and the Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología de México (CONACyT).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica para la Biodiversidad (Langebio), Unidad de Genómica Avanzada, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional (CINVESTAV-IPN)IrapuatoMexico

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