Development of a Pedigreed Sorghum Mutant Library
Induced mutagenesis is a powerful approach to generate variations for elucidation of gene function and to create new traits for breeding. Here, we described a procedure to develop a pedigreed mutant library through chemical mutagenesis with ethylmethane sulfonate (EMS) treated seeds in sorghum and discussed its potential to generate new traits for sorghum improvement. Unlike random mutagenesis, a pedigreed mutant library, once properly established, can serve as a powerful resource to isolate and recover mutations of both agronomical and biological importance. With the development of affordable and high-throughput next-generation sequencing technologies, identification of causal mutations from a mutant library with a uniform genetic background becomes increasingly efficient and cost-effective. Fast causal gene discovery from mutant libraries combined with precise genome editing techniques will accelerate incorporation of new traits and revolutionize crop breeding.
Key wordsSorghum bicolor Sorghum Ethylmethane sulfonate EMS Mutagenesis Mutant library.
We thank the United Sorghum Checkoff for funding and Lan Liu-Gitz for technical support.
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