Embryological and Genetic Manipulation of Chick Development

  • Laura S. GammillEmail author
  • Bridget Jacques-Fricke
  • Julaine Roffers-Agarwal
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1920)


The ability to combine embryological manipulations with gene function analysis in an amniote embryo makes the chick a valuable system for the vertebrate developmental biologist. This chapter describes methods for those unfamiliar with the chick system wishing to initiate experiments in their lab. After outlining methods to prepare chick embryos, protocols are provided for introducing beads or cells expressing secreted factors, and for culturing tissue explants as a means of assessing development in vitro. Approaches to achieve gain of function and loss of function (morpholino oligonucleotides) in chick are outlined, and methods for introducing these reagents by electroporation are detailed.

Key words

Chick Embryo culture Electroporation Morpholino oligonucleotide 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura S. Gammill
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bridget Jacques-Fricke
    • 1
    • 2
  • Julaine Roffers-Agarwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and DevelopmentUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiologyHamline UniversitySaint PaulUSA

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