Isolation, Differentiation, and Characterization of Human Bone Marrow Stem Cells In Vitro and In Vivo
In this chapter, we describe techniques for the isolation and characterisation of skeletal stem cells from human bone marrow. The methods for enrichment of STRO-1+ and STRO-4+ cells using magnetic activated cell sorting are described and we also detail techniques for establishing and characterizing osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic cultures from these cells. Finally, we present methods for studying the ability of these cells to produce bone in vivo using diffusion chambers which have been implanted subcutaneously into mice.
Key wordsStem cells Osteoblast Adipocyte Chondrocyte Bone marrow Diffusion chamber
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