Animal Models of Multiple Myeloma

  • Sam W. Z. Olechnowicz
  • Claire M. EdwardsEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1914)


Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell neoplasm which is defined by strong interactions with the bone marrow microenvironment, a compartment with high cellular heterogeneity and unique structural and extracellular components. This necessitates the use of in vivo models for research to fully recapitulate MM growth conditions. The selection of appropriate model system is crucial, as each has advantages and shortcomings. Here, we describe the murine models available for studying MM, and focus on the methods for inoculating mice with MM cells via intravenous, intratibial or subcutaneous delivery, as well as monitoring of disease and organ processing for further analysis. The interaction and destruction of bone is a hallmark symptom of MM, and therefore many other complementary techniques used in calcified tissue research can be used, such as microCT, histomorphometry, and biomechanical testing.

Key words

Multiple myeloma Murine model Bone disease Tumor Osteoclast Osteoblast In vivo 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nuffield Department of Surgical SciencesUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Botnar Research CentreUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

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