Methods of Delivering Molecules Through the Blood-Brain Barrier for Brain Diagnostics and Therapeutics

  • Brian M. Kopec
  • Kavisha R. Ulapane
  • Mario E. G. Moral
  • Teruna J. SiahaanEmail author
Part of the Neuromethods book series (NM, volume 142)


Brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, multiple sclerosis (MS), and brain tumors are difficult to diagnose and treat. This is partly due to the difficulty in delivering diagnostic and therapeutic molecules across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and into the brain. This chapter describes these and other challenges and the progress that has been made in transporting molecules into the brain. The pathways that molecules can take to cross the BBB and methods to improve the passage of diagnostics and therapeutic molecules into the brain are described. Several advances in improving detection of molecules in the brain using imaging methods (i.e., MRI, PET, SPECT, NIR) are described as potential diagnostic tools for brain diseases.

Key words

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) Brain delivery Brain therapeutics Brain diagnostics Brain diseases 



The authors acknowledge the research support from an R01-NS075374 grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), National Institutes of Health (NIH). B.M.K. thanks the support from NIH Predoctoral Training Program on Pharmaceutical Aspects of Biotechnology (T32-GM008359). M.E.G.M. thanks the NIH for NIH for an IRACDA postdoctoral fellowship (5K12-GM063651). We would like to thank Nancy Harmony for proofreading this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brian M. Kopec
    • 1
  • Kavisha R. Ulapane
    • 1
  • Mario E. G. Moral
    • 1
  • Teruna J. Siahaan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Pharmaceutical ChemistrySimons Laboratories, The University of KansasLawrenceUSA

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