Preparation of Qualitative Research

  • Joelson Moreno Brito Moura
  • Risoneide Henriques da Silva
  • Nylber Augusto da Silva
  • Daniel Carvalho Pires de Sousa
  • Ulysses Paulino AlbuquerqueEmail author
Part of the Springer Protocols Handbooks book series (SPH)


In this chapter, we present a brief discussion about qualitative research, an approach widely used in social sciences to understand the phenomena that involve humans. Due to the importance given to the subjective perspective of the researcher and the participants being studied, this approach proved to be an important tool to understand the social relations of the most varied human groups. First, a brief history of qualitative research and its main features are presented. Then, we show the steps that the researcher must follow before starting his research. Finally, we have outlined some of the main methods used in qualitative research—ethnography, phenomenology, action research, grounded theory and case study—with some practical examples of how they can be used in ethnobiological studies.

Key words

Ethnobiology Ethnography Social-ecological systems Ethics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joelson Moreno Brito Moura
    • 1
  • Risoneide Henriques da Silva
    • 1
  • Nylber Augusto da Silva
    • 1
  • Daniel Carvalho Pires de Sousa
    • 1
  • Ulysses Paulino Albuquerque
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia, Programa de Pós-graduação em Etnobiologia e Conservação da NaturezaUniversidade Federal Rural de PernambucoRecifeBrazil
  2. 2.Laboratório de Ecologia e Evolução de Sistemas Socioecológicos, Departamento de Botânica, Centro de BiociênciasUniversidade Federal de PernambucoRecifeBrazil

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