Nanotoxicity pp 229-246 | Cite as

Evaluation of Nrf2 with Exposure to Nanoparticles

  • Fuli Zheng
  • Huangyuan Li
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1894)


Transcription factor Nrf2, nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2, is considered a master regulator of redox homeostasis and plays a central role in antioxidant and anti-inflammatory defence. It has been largely reported that oxidative stress is implicated in nanoparticle-induced toxicity with the involvement of Nrf2. Several basic methods for Nrf2 evaluation with exposure to nanoparticles are described in this chapter including real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blotting, immunofluorescence staining, electrophoretic mobility shift assay, DNase I footprinting, dimethylsulfate footprinting, protein pulse-chase analysis, and tert-butylhydroquinone treatment.

Key words

Nrf2 Nanoparticles Antioxidant response element (ARE) EMSA Pulse chase analysis t-BHQ Footprinting 



This work was supported by NSFC grant (No. 81573195, 81172715, and 30800936) and Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Factors and Cancer.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fuli Zheng
    • 1
    • 2
  • Huangyuan Li
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Factors and Cancer, School of Public HealthFujian Medical UniversityFuzhouP. R. China
  2. 2.Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public HealthFujian Medical UniversityFuzhouP. R. China

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