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Overview of Biotechnology-Derived Herbicide Tolerance and Insect Resistance Traits in Plant Agriculture

  • Tejinder Mall
  • Manju Gupta
  • Tarlochan Singh Dhadialla
  • Sarria Rodrigo
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1864)

Abstract

Biotechnology has been central for the acceleration of crop improvement over the last two decades. Since 1994, when the first commercial biotechnology-derived tomato crop was commercialized, the cultivated area for genetically modified crops has reached 185.1 million hactares worldwide. Both the number of crops and the number of traits developed using biotechnology have accounted for this increase. Among the most impactful biotechnology-derived traits are insect resistance and herbicide tolerance, which have greatly contributed to the worldwide increase in agricultural productivity and stabilization of food security. In this chapter, we provide an overview of the history of the biotechnology-derived input traits, the existing genetically engineered commercial crop products carrying insect resistance and herbicide tolerance traits, as well as a perspective on how new technologies could further impact the development of new traits in crops. With the projection of the world population to increase to 9.8 billion by the year 2050 and reduction in available farmland, one of the biggest challenges will be to provide sustainable nourishment to the projected population. Biotechnology will continue to be the key enabler for development of insect resistance and herbicide tolerance traits to overcome that imminent challenge.

Key words

Biotechnology Insect resistance Herbicide tolerance Molecular characterization 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Lauren Clark for providing information on analytical technologies for transgene analysis and to Laura Tagliani, Phil Poirier, Robert Lampe, Stephen Novak, and Terry Wright for critical review of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tejinder Mall
    • 1
  • Manju Gupta
    • 1
  • Tarlochan Singh Dhadialla
    • 1
  • Sarria Rodrigo
    • 1
  1. 1.Corteva Agriscience™Agriculture Division of DowDuPont™IndianapolisUSA

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