Chromosome Spread Analyses of Meiotic Sex Chromosome Inactivation

  • Kris G. AlavattamEmail author
  • Hironori Abe
  • Akihiko Sakashita
  • Satoshi H. NamekawaEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1861)


A distinct form of X chromosome inactivation takes place during male meiosis, when the male sex chromosomes undergo a phenomenon known as meiotic sex chromosome inactivation (MSCI). MSCI is directed by DNA damage response signaling independent of Xist RNA to silence the transcriptional activity of the sex chromosomes, an essential event in male germ cell development. Here, we present protocols for the preparation and analyses of chromosome spread slides of mouse meiotic spermatocytes, thereby enabling a quick, inexpensive, and powerful cytological method to complement gene expression studies.

Key words

Cytology Slide protocol Immunofluorescence microscopy Meiosis Cell staging Cell suspension Testis Chromosomes Synapsis DNA damage response Sex chromosomes Chromatin 



We thank past and present members of the Namekawa laboratory for optimizing the experimental conditions. We thank Anna Sosso for reviewing the chapter. This work was supported by the Albert J. Ryan Fellowship to K.G.A. and the NIH Grant GM098605 to S.H.N.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Reproductive Sciences, Perinatal InstituteCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  2. 2.Division of Developmental Biology, Perinatal InstituteCincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Cincinnati College of MedicineCincinnatiUSA

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