In Vitro Approaches to Identify Thyroid Hormone Receptor-Dependent Transcriptional Response

  • Maria Sirakov
  • Michelina PlaterotiEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1801)


The thyroid hormones act through their nuclear receptor TRs that are T3-modulated transcription factors. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms at the basis of specific physiological responses to TH-TR, in vitro approaches are commonly used to demonstrate the activation or repression of target genes. These approaches allow identifying direct transcriptional targets of TRs which can eventually be confirmed by using in vivo chromatin binding assays.

Here, we describe two classical approaches in vitro and in cell lines such as Electro-Mobility Shift Assay and thyroid-hormone-responsive Luciferase-reporter assay (EMSA and Luc, respectively) we have been largely using to investigate TRα1-driven TH-TRs intestinal epithelium cell autonomous action.

Key words

DNA binding Electro Mobility Shift Assay (EMSA) Luciferase assay (Luc) Target gene promoters Thyroid hormone Response Element (TRE) Transcriptional activity 


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Ambientali Biologiche e Farmaceutiche (DiSTABiF)Università degli Studi della Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”CasertaItaly
  2. 2.Département de la Recherche, Centre Léon Bérard, Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Lyon (CRCL)INSERM U1052, CNRS UMR5286, Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1LyonFrance

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