ELDA qASO-PCR for High Sensitivity Detection of Tumor Cells in Bone Marrow and Peripheral Blood

  • Stefanie HuhnEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1792)


A quantitative allele-specific polymerase chain reaction in combination with an extreme limiting dilution approach (ELDA qASO-PCR) enables the detection of tumor cells in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) in bone marrow (BM) samples and in peripheral blood (PB) with a sensitivity of <10−6. The two-step procedure of patient-specific tumor cell identification via the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) and kappa/lambda light chain (k/λ LC) locus, followed by tumor cells quantification by ELDA qASO-PCR allows for the application of this method to the majority of MM patients, including those with Bence Jones proteinuria.

Key words

qASO-PCR Minimal residual diseases Multiple myeloma 



We thank Manfed Küpper for his assistance in the design of the consensus primers for k/λ loci.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Internal Medicine VUniversity of HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

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