Cell Line Models of Molecular Subtypes of Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a genetically diverse disease necessitating the need for well-characterized and reproducible models to enable its accurate investigation. Recent genomic analyses have confirmed that CRC cell lines accurately retain the key genetic alterations and represent the major molecular subtypes of primary CRC, underscoring their value as powerful preclinical models. In this chapter we detail the important issues to consider when using CRC cell lines, the techniques used for their appropriate molecular classification, and the methods by which they are cultured in vitro and as subcutaneous xenografts in immune-compromised mice. A panel of commonly available CRC cell lines that have been characterized for key molecular subtypes is also provided as a resource for investigators to select appropriate models to address specific research questions.
Key wordsColorectal cancer cells Molecular subtype DNA profiling Chromosomal instability Microsatellite instability CpG island methylator phenotype Signaling pathways
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