GC-MS Metabolomic Profiling of Protic Metabolites Following Heptafluorobutyl Chloroformate Mediated Dispersive Liquid Microextraction Sample Preparation Protocol
A simple analytical workflow is described for gas chromatographic-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based metabolomic profiling of protic metabolites, particularly amino-carboxylic species in biological matrices. The sample preparation is carried out directly in aqueous samples and uses simultaneous in situ heptafluorobutyl chloroformate (HFBCF) derivatization and dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME), followed by GC-MS analysis in single-ion monitoring (SIM) mode. The protocol involves ten simple pipetting steps and provides quantitative analysis of 132 metabolites by using two internal standards. A comment on each analytical step and explaining notes are provided with particular attention to the GC-MS analysis of 112 physiological metabolites in human urine.
Key wordsMetabolomic profiling GC-MS Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction Chloroformate derivatization Urine Quantitative analysis
This work was supported by the Czech Science Foundation, project No. 17-22276S.
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