Rat Fecal Metabolomics-Based Analysis

  • Olga Deda
  • Helen G. Gika
  • Georgios A. Theodoridis
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1738)


Fecal metabolomics-based analysis indisputably constitutes a very useful tool for elucidating the biochemistry of digestion and absorption of the gastrointestinal system. Fecal samples represent the most suitable, non-invasive, specimen for the study of the symbiotic relationship between the host and the intestinal microbiota.

It is well established that the balance of the intestinal microbiota changes in response to some stimuli, physiological such as gender, age, diet, exercise and pathological such as gastrointestinal and hepatic disease. Fecal samples have been analyzed using the most widespread analytical techniques, namely, NMR spectroscopy, GC-MS, and LC-MS/MS. Rat fecal sample is a frequently used and particularly useful substrate for metabolomics-based studies in related fields. The complexity and diversity of the nature of fecal samples require careful and skillful handling for the effective quantitative extraction of the metabolites while avoiding their deterioration. Parameters such as the fecal sample weight to extraction solvent volume, the nature and the pH value of the extraction solvent, and the homogenization process are some important factors for the optimal extraction of samples, in order to obtain high-quality metabolic fingerprints, using either untargeted or targeted metabolomics.

Key words

Metabolomics Sample preparation Fecal samples Rats NMR GC-MS LC-MS/MS Fecal extract 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olga Deda
    • 1
  • Helen G. Gika
    • 2
  • Georgios A. Theodoridis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Department of MedicineAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece

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