In Vivo Electroporation of Developing Mouse Retina

  • Jimmy de Melo
  • Seth BlackshawEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1715)


In vivo electroporation enables the transformation of retinal tissue with engineered DNA plasmids, facilitating the selective expression of desired gene products. This method achieves plasmid transfer via the application of an external electrical field, which both generates a transient increase in the permeability of cell plasma membranes, and promotes the incorporation of DNA plasmids by electrophoretic transfer through the permeabilized membranes. Here we describe a method for the preparation, injection, and electroporation of DNA plasmids into neonatal mouse retinal tissue. This method can be utilized to perform gain of function or loss of function studies in the mouse. Experimental design is limited only by construct availability.

Key words

Electroporation Gain of function Gene expression In vivo Loss of function Plasmid Subretinal injection Retina 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Solomon H. Snyder Department of NeuroscienceJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Department of OphthalmologyJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  4. 4.Center for Human Systems BiologyJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  5. 5.Institute for Cell EngineeringJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA

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