Microanatomical Labeling of Germinal Center Structures for Flow Cytometry Using Photoactivation

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1623)


Germinal centers (GCs) are inducible microanatomical structures required for the generation of high-affinity antibodies. Migration of B and T cells within and into/out of GCs plays a key role in the evolutionary process that underlies affinity maturation, and thus microanatomical location of cells is an important variable when studying GC processes. We describe a protocol in which in situ photoactivation by multiphoton microscopy can be used to add microanatomical information to flow cytometry, allowing for identification and isolation of GC cells based on their location. Cells in different microanatomical compartments can then be sorted and analyzed for surface marker and mRNA expression.

Key words

B cell Flow Cytometry Germinal Center Multiphoton Microscopy Photoactivation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Lymphocyte DynamicsRockefeller UniversityNew YorkUSA

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