Measure of Peptidoglycan Hydrolase Activity

  • Yoann G. Santin
  • Eric CascalesEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1615)


Most gene clusters encoding multiprotein complexes of the bacterial cell envelope, such as conjugation and secretion systems, Type IV pili, and flagella, bear a gene encoding an enzyme with peptidoglycan hydrolase activity. These enzymes are usually glycoside hydrolases that cleave the glycan chains of the peptidoglycan. Their activities are spatially controlled to avoid cell lysis and to create localized rearrangement of the cell wall. This is assured by interaction with the structural subunits of the apparatus. Here we describe protocols to test the peptidoglycan hydrolase activity of these proteins in vitro and in solution.

Key words

Cell wall Localized degradation Peptidoglycan Lytic transglycosylase Remazol blue 



Work in EC laboratory is supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, the Aix-Marseille Université, and grants from the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR-14-CE14-0006-02 and ANR-15-CE11-0019-01).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Ingénierie des Systèmes Macromoléculaires (LISM, UMR 7255)Institut de Microbiologie de la Méditerranée, Aix-Marseille Univ—CNRSMarseille Cedex 20France

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