Rational Design and Applications of Semisynthetic Modular Biosensors: SNIFITs and LUCIDs

  • Helen Farrants
  • Julien Hiblot
  • Rudolf Griss
  • Kai JohnssonEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1596)


Biosensors are used in many fields to measure the concentration of analytes, both in a cellular context and in human samples for medical care. Here, we outline the design of two types of modular biosensors: SNAP-tag-based indicators with a Fluorescent Intramolecular Tether (SNIFITs) and LUCiferase-based Indicators of Drugs (LUCIDs). These semisynthetic biosensors quantitatively measure analyte concentrations in vitro and on cell surfaces by an intramolecular competitive mechanism. We provide an overview of how to design and apply SNIFITs and LUCIDs.

Key words

Biosensors Protein engineering Protein switches Intramolecular ligands Self-labeling proteins SNAP-tag CLIP-tag Polyproline linkers Therapeutic drug monitoring Cell-surface biosensors 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen Farrants
    • 1
  • Julien Hiblot
    • 1
  • Rudolf Griss
    • 1
  • Kai Johnsson
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) Chemical BiologyInstitute of Chemical Sciences and Engineering (ISIC), Institute of Bioengineering, École Polytechnique Fédéralede Lausanne (EPFL)LausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Max-Planck Institute for Medical ResearchDepartment of Chemical BiologyHeidelbergGermany

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