Lysosomes pp 43-71 | Cite as

Analyzing Lysosome-Related Organelles by Electron Microscopy

  • Ilse Hurbain
  • Maryse Romao
  • Ptissam Bergam
  • Xavier Heiligenstein
  • Graça RaposoEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1594)


Intracellular organelles have a particular morphological signature that can only be appreciated by ultrastructural analysis at the electron microscopy level. Optical imaging and associated methodologies allow to explore organelle localization and their dynamics at the cellular level. Deciphering the biogenesis and functions of lysosomes and lysosome-related organelles (LROs) and their dysfunctions requires their visualization and detailed characterization at high resolution by electron microscopy. Here, we provide detailed protocols for studying LROs by transmission electron microscopy. While conventional electron microscopy and its recent improvements is the method of choice to investigate organelle morphology, immunoelectron microscopy allows to localize organelle components and description of their molecular make up qualitatively and quantitatively.

Key words

Lysosome-related organelles Transmission electron microscopy Chemical fixation High pressure freezing Freeze substitution Immunolabeling Tokuyasu 



We are grateful to Institut Curie and the BioImaging platform (PICT IBiSA), member of the France-BioImaging national research infrastructure (ANR-10-INSB-04) and CNRS. Research in our group is supported by the Fondation pour la Recherche Médical (Equipes FRM), Association de Recherche pour le Cancer (ARC), Indian French cooperation (CEFIPRA), Clarins and L’Oréal.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilse Hurbain
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Maryse Romao
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ptissam Bergam
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Xavier Heiligenstein
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Graça Raposo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Institut CuriePSL Research University, CNRS, UMR 144ParisFrance
  2. 2.Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS, UMR 144ParisFrance
  3. 3.Cell and Tissue Imaging Core Facility PICT-IBiSA, Institut CurieParisFrance
  4. 4.Characterization Core LabKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)ThuwalKingdom of Saudi Arabia

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