Protocols for Studying the Interaction of MSI-78 with the Membranes of Whole Gram-Positive and Gram-Negative Bacteria by NMR
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) may interact with a variety of target cell components, including the lipid bilayer, non-lipidic cell envelope components, and/or intracellular targets. However, most biophysical experiments aimed at elucidating the detailed mechanism of AMPs are limited to simple model membrane systems and neglect potentially functional interactions between AMPs and non-lipidic cell components. One of the biophysical techniques commonly used to study how AMPs interact with lipid bilayers is solid-state deuterium NMR. In this chapter we provide protocols to prepare deuterium-labeled intact Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria and to observe these samples using solid-state deuterium NMR. Such experiments have the potential to provide important information about how non-lipidic cell envelope components modulate AMP interactions with the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria.
Key wordsAMP Antimicrobial peptide Solid-state NMR Deuterium NMR Whole-cell NMR
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