Using Flow Cytometry to Analyze Cryptococcus Infection of Macrophages

  • Robert J. Evans
  • Kerstin Voelz
  • Simon A. Johnston
  • Robin C. MayEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1519)


Flow cytometry is a powerful analytical technique, which is increasingly being used to study the interaction between host cells and intracellular pathogens. Flow cytometry is capable of measuring a greater number of infected cells within a sample compared to alternative techniques such as fluorescence microscopy. This means that robust quantification of rare events during infection is possible. Our lab and others have developed flow cytometry methods to study interactions between host cells and intracellular pathogens, such as Cryptococcus neoformans, to quantify phagocytosis, intracellular replication, and non-lytic expulsion or “vomocytosis” from the phagosome. Herein we describe these methods and how they can be applied to the study of C. neoformans as well as other similar intracellular pathogens.

Key words

Cryptococcus neoformans Cryptococcus gattii Flow cytometry Macrophage Infection Mycology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Evans
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kerstin Voelz
    • 1
  • Simon A. Johnston
    • 2
    • 3
  • Robin C. May
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Microbiology and Infection, School of Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental SciencesUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Bateson Centre, Firth CourtUniversity of Sheffield, Western BankSheffieldUK
  3. 3.Department of Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease, Medical SchoolUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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