Dissecting the iTRAQ Data Analysis
In the era of large-scale quantitative biology, mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics is progressively becoming indispensable for gaining insights into the biological systems at molecular level. Various quantitative study designs rely on chemical tagging approaches to study disease, stress, or drug response and temporal studies aiming at disease/developmental progression in a biological system. Isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) is one of the most popular chemical labeling techniques which allows four, six, or eight samples to be multiplexed in a single run. As the iTRAQ tag has a balancer group to equalize all states of a labeled peptide to same mass, the differentially labeled iTRAQ peptides are mixed before chromatography and elute as a single combined peak in MS. This enhances the peptide signal and quantitation is performed during MS/MS along with sequencing, where reporter ions of different masses are released to give relative quantitation. Known amount of a spiked-in protein can also help in absolute quantitation of the proteins in a sample.
Key wordsiTRAQ Quantitative proteomics Statistics Relative protein quantitation Chemical labeling
S.A. is supported by SRF grant and A.K.Y. is supported by Innovative Young Biotechnologist Award (IYBA) grant and DDRC-SFC grant from Department of Biotechnology (DBT), India. Authors acknowledge Nazmuddin Saquib for critically reviewing the manuscript, and Manu Kandpal and Vivek Arora for proofreading the manuscript.
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