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Next Generation Sequencing in Alzheimer’s Disease

  • Lars Bertram
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1303)

Abstract

For the first time in the history of human genetics research, it is now both technically feasible and economically affordable to screen individual genomes for novel disease-causing mutations at base-pair resolution using “next-generation sequencing” (NGS). One popular aim in many of today’s NGS studies is genome resequencing (in part or whole) to identify DNA variants potentially accounting for the “missing heritability” problem observed in many genetically complex traits. Thus far, only relatively few projects have applied these powerful new technologies to search for novel Alzheimer’s disease (AD) related sequence variants. In this review, I summarize the findings from the first NGS-based resequencing studies in AD and discuss their potential implications and limitations. Notable recent discoveries using NGS include the identification of rare susceptibility modifying alleles in APP, TREM2, and PLD3. Several other large-scale NGS projects are currently underway so that additional discoveries can be expected over the coming years.

Key words

Alzheimer’s disease Next-generation sequencing Rare variant association Genome-wide association study GWAS 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was sponsored by funding from the Cure Alzheimer Fund, the Fidelity Biosciences Research Initiative, and the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF grant #16SV5538).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Platform for Genome Analytics, Institutes of Neurogenetics and Integrative and Experimental GenomicsUniversity of LübeckLübeckGermany

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