Molecular Approaches to Recognize Relevant and Emerging Infectious Diseases in Animals

  • Fredrik Granberg
  • Oskar E. Karlsson
  • Mikael Leijon
  • Lihong Liu
  • Sándor Belák
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1247)


Since the introduction of the first molecular tests, there has been a continuous effort to develop new and improved assays for rapid and efficient detection of infectious agents. This has been motivated by a need for improved sensitivity as well as results that can be easily communicated. The experiences and knowledge gained at the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) Collaborating Centre for Biotechnology-based Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases in Veterinary Medicine, Uppsala, Sweden, will here be used to provide an overview of the different molecular approaches that can be used to diagnose and identify relevant and emerging infectious diseases in animals.

Key words

Infectious diseases Pathogen detection Molecular diagnosis Transboundary animal diseases Endemic diseases Zoonoses PCR Isothermal amplification Hybridization Proximity ligation assay (PLA) Microarrays Nanotechnology 



This work was supported by Epi-SEQ, a research project under the 2nd joint call for transnational research projects by EMIDA ERA-NET (FP7 project nr. 219235), the European Union FP7 project RAPIDIA-FIELD (FP7-289364), the Formas Strong Research Environments “BioBridges” project (No. 2011-1692), the Award of Excellence (Excellensbidrag) provided to SB by the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), and executed in the framework of the EU-project AniBioThreat (Grant Agreement: Home/2009/ISEC/AG/191) with the financial support from the Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme of the European Union, European Commission, Directorate General Home Affairs. This publication reflects the views only of the authors, and the European Commission cannot be held responsible for any use, which may be made of the information contained therein. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fredrik Granberg
    • 1
    • 2
  • Oskar E. Karlsson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mikael Leijon
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lihong Liu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Sándor Belák
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.OIE Collaborating Centre for the Biotechnology-Based Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases in Veterinary MedicineSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)UppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Section of Virology, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health (BVF)Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU)UppsalaSweden
  3. 3.The National Veterinary Institute (SVA)UppsalaSweden

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