Plasmodesmata pp 259-274 | Cite as

Probing Protein Targeting to Plasmodesmata Using Fluorescence Recovery After Photo-Bleaching

  • Kathryn M. WrightEmail author
  • Katrin M. MacKenzie
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1217)


Fluorescence recovery after photo-bleaching (FRAP) involves the irreversible bleaching of a fluorescent protein within a specific area of the cell using a high-intensity laser. The recovery of fluorescence represents the movement of new protein into this area and can therefore be used to investigate factors involved in this movement. Here we describe a FRAP method to investigate the effect of a range of pharmacological agents on the targeting of Tobacco mosaic virus movement protein to plasmodesmata.

Key words

Tobacco mosaic virus Movement protein Plasmodesmata Fluorescence recovery after photo-bleaching 



This work was funded by the Scottish Government Rural and Environmental Science and Analytical Services Division (RESAS). We thank D.A. Elston and P.J. Wright for critical review and helpful comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cell and Molecular Sciences GroupThe James Hutton InstituteInvergowrie, DundeeUK
  2. 2.Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Dundee UnitInvergowrie, DundeeUK

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