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Lectins pp 555-577 | Cite as

Comprehensive List of Lectins: Origins, Natures, and Carbohydrate Specificities

  • Yuka KobayashiEmail author
  • Hiroaki Tateno
  • Haruko Ogawa
  • Kazuo Yamamoto
  • Jun Hirabayashi
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1200)

Abstract

More than 100 years have passed since the first lectin ricin was discovered. Since then, a wide variety of lectins (lect means “select” in Latin) have been isolated from plants, animals, fungi, bacteria, as well as viruses, and their structures and properties have been characterized. At present, as many as 48 protein scaffolds have been identified as functional lectins from the viewpoint of three-dimensional structures as described in this chapter. In this chapter, representative 53 lectins are selected, and their major properties that include hemagglutinating activity, mitogen activity, blood group specificity, molecular weight, metal requirement, and sugar specificities are summarized as a comprehensive table. The list will provide a practically useful, comprehensive list for not only experienced lectin users but also many other non-expert researchers, who are not familiar to lectins and, therefore, have no access to advanced lectin biotechnologies described in other chapters.

Key words

Lectin family Hemagglutinating activity Mitogen activity Blood group specificity Metal requirement Oligosaccharide specificity 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuka Kobayashi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hiroaki Tateno
    • 2
  • Haruko Ogawa
    • 3
  • Kazuo Yamamoto
    • 4
  • Jun Hirabayashi
    • 2
  1. 1.J-Oil Mills, Inc.YokohamaJapan
  2. 2.Research Center for Stem Cell EngineeringNational Institute of Advance Industrial Science and TechnologyTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences and Glycoscience InstituteOchanomizu UniversityBunkyo-kuJapan
  4. 4.Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan

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