Directed Evolution Library Creation pp 225-244

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1179) | Cite as

ITCHY: Incremental Truncation for the Creation of Hybrid Enzymes



Incremental Truncation for the Creation of Hybrid enzYmes (ITCHY) is a directed evolution technique for randomly recombining two genes. The chief advantage of ITCHY is that there is no requirement for the two genes to share any sequence similarity. This distinguishes ITCHY from directed evolution methods that are based on homologous recombination, such as DNA shuffling. In ITCHY, Escherichia coli exonuclease III is used to incrementally truncate one of the parental genes from its 3′ end and the other from its 5′ end. Ligation of the randomly truncated gene fragments yields a combinatorial library of chimeras. In this chapter, we provide detailed protocols for constructing libraries using both the user-friendly thio-ITCHY method and also time-dependent incremental truncation. We illustrate the protocols with the data that we obtained when we recombined two alcohol dehydrogenase genes that only share 47 % sequence identity.

Key words

Incremental truncation Exonuclease III Nonhomologous recombination Protein engineering Thio-ITCHY Time-dependent truncation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of OtagoDunedinNew Zealand

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