Crop Breeding pp 21-36

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1145) | Cite as

From Genes to Markers: Exploiting Gene Sequence Information to Develop Tools for Plant Breeding

Protocol

Abstract

Once the sequence is known for a gene of interest, it is usually possible to design markers to detect polymorphisms within the gene. Such markers can be particularly useful in plant breeding, especially if they detect the causal polymorphism within the gene and are diagnostic of the phenotype. In this chapter, we (1) discuss how gene sequences are obtained and aligned and how polymorphic sites can be identified or predicted; (2) explain the principles of PCR primer design and PCR amplification and provide guidelines for their application in the design and testing of markers; (3) discuss detection methods for presence/absence (dominant) polymorphisms, length polymorphisms and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs); and (4) outline some of the factors that affect the utility of markers in plant breeding and explain how markers can be evaluated (validated) for use in plant breeding.

Key words

Molecular markers Plant breeding Marker-assisted selection Functional markers 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Australian Centre for Plant Functional GenomicsSchool of Agriculture, Food and Wine, Waite Research Institute, University of AdelaideGlen OsmondAustralia
  2. 2.School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, Waite Research Institute, University of AdelaideGlen OsmondAustralia

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