RNA Editing in Human and Mouse Tissues
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Adenosine-to-inosine (A-to-I) RNA editing is a fundamental posttranscriptional mechanism that greatly diversifies the transcriptome in many living organisms, including mammals. Multiple studies have demonstrated the importance of this process not just in normal development and physiology but also in various human diseases. Importantly, the precise editing level of a site may have downstream consequences on cellular behavior. Hence, the editing levels should be quantified as accurately as possible. In this chapter, we describe how to examine RNA editing in human and mouse tissues. The rapid development of next-generation sequencing technologies is affording us an unprecedented ability to accurately measure the editing levels of numerous sites simultaneously. Our experimental workflow includes the harvesting of high-quality RNA samples and the construction of different high-throughput sequencing libraries. We also delineate the computational steps needed to analyze the sequencing data from an Illumina platform.
Key wordsADAR RNA editing Epitranscriptome RNA-seq Amplicon sequencing
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