Model for Studying the Effects of Chronic Metabolic Disease on Endogenous Bone Marrow Stem Cell Populations
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Disease-associated impairment/dysfunction of stem cell populations is prominent in chronic metabolic and inflammatory diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) where the multifunctional properties (viability, proliferation, paracrine secretion, multilineage differentiation) of bone marrow resident mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be affected. The growth and viability impairments make it difficult to study the underlying molecular mechanisms related to the dysfunction of these cells in vitro. We have consequently optimized the isolation and culture conditions for impaired/dysfunctional bone marrow MSCs from B6.Cg-Lepob/J obese prediabetic mice. The method described here permits ex vivo investigations into disease-associated functional impairments and the dysregulated molecular mechanisms in these primary MSCs through direct comparisons with their healthy wild-type C57BL6/J control mouse counterparts.
Key wordsMesenchymal stem cells Diabetes Bone marrow Osteogenesis Adipogenesis Metabolic disease
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Africa.
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