Advertisement

Nanoparticle Characterization Through Nano-Impact Electrochemistry: Tools and Methodology Development

  • Kevin A. Kirk
  • Tulashi Luitel
  • Farideh Hosseini Narouei
  • Silvana AndreescuEmail author
Protocol
  • 160 Downloads
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2118)

Abstract

The field of nanomaterials has been expanding rapidly into many diverse applications within the last 20 years. With this growth, there is a significant need for new method development for the detection and characterization of nanomaterials. Understanding the physical properties of nanoscale entities and their associated reaction kinetics is crucial for monitoring their effect on environmental and human health, and in their use for practical applications. Nano-impact electrochemistry is a novel development in the field of fundamental electrochemistry that provides an ultrasensitive method for analyzing physical and redox properties of nanomaterials and their derivatives. This protocol focuses on the tools required for characterizing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by nano-impact electrochemistry, the preparation of microelectrodes and the methodology needed for measurement of the AgNP redox activity. The fabrication of cylindrical carbon fiber as well as gold and platinum microwire electrodes is described in detail. The analysis of nano-impact electrochemistry for the characterization of redox active entities is also outlined with examples of applications.

Key words

Nano-impact Nanomaterials Microelectrodes Electrode fabrication Electrochemistry Redox Electrode fabrication Data analysis Silver nanoparticles 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The manuscript was edited by Enrico Ferrari and Mikhail Soloviev. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant 1610281. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

References

  1. 1.
    Zhou Y-G, Rees NV, Compton RG (2011) The electrochemical detection and characterization of silver nanoparticles in aqueous solution. Angew Chem 123:4305–4307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Xiao X, Fan F-RF, Zhou J et al (2008) Current transients in single nanoparticle collision events. J Am Chem Soc 130:16669–16677CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Andreescu D, Kirk KA, Narouei FH et al (2018) Electroanalytic aspects of single-entity collision methods for bioanalytical and environmental applications. ChemElectroChem 5:2920–2936CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Oja SM, Robinson DA, Vitti NJ et al (2016) Observation of multipeak collision behavior during the electro-oxidation of single Ag nanoparticles. J Am Chem Soc 139:708–718CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Qiu D, Wang S, Zheng Y et al (2013) One at a time: counting single-nanoparticle/electrode collisions for accurate particle sizing by overcoming the instability of gold nanoparticles under electrolytic conditions. Nanotechnology 24:505707CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sardesai NP, Andreescu D, Andreescu S (2013) Electroanalytical evaluation of antioxidant activity of cerium oxide nanoparticles by nanoparticle collisions at microelectrodes. J Am Chem Soc 135:16770–16773CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kwon SJ, Zhou H, Fan F-RF et al (2011) Stochastic electrochemistry with electrocatalytic nanoparticles at inert ultramicroelectrodes—theory and experiments. Phys Chem Chem Phys 13:5394–5402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Karimi A, Hayat A, Andreescu S (2017) Biomolecular detection at ssdna-conjugated nanoparticles by nano-impact electrochemistry. Biosens Bioelectron 87:501–507CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Anahita K, Kirk KA, Silvana A (2017) Electrochemical investigation of pH-dependent activity of polyethylenimine-capped silver nanoparticles. ChemElectroChem 4:2801–2806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hao R, Zhang B (2016) Observing electrochemical dealloying by single-nanoparticle collision. Anal Chem 88:8728–8734CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cheng W, Zhou XF, Compton RG (2013) Electrochemical sizing of organic nanoparticles. Angew Chem 125:13218–13220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lim CS, Tan SM, Ze S et al (2015) Impact electrochemistry of layered transition metal dichalcogenides. ACS Nano 9:8474–8483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Robinson DA, Yoo JJ, Castaneda AD et al (2015) Increasing the collision rate of particle impact electroanalysis with magnetically guided Pt-decorated iron oxide nanoparticles. ACS Nano 9:7583–7595CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cheng W, Compton RG (2014) Investigation of single-drug-encapsulating liposomes using the nano-impact method. Angew Chem Int Ed 53:13928–13930CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dick JE, Hilterbrand AT, Boika A et al (2015) Electrochemical detection of a single cytomegalovirus at an ultramicroelectrode and its antibody anchoring. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112:5303–5308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Castaneda AD, Robinson DA, Stevenson KJ et al (2016) Electrocatalytic amplification of DNA-modified nanoparticle collisions via enzymatic digestion. Chem Sci 7:6450–6457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Robinson DA, Liu Y, Edwards MA et al (2017) Collision dynamics during the electrooxidation of individual silver nanoparticles. J Am Chem Soc 139:16923–16931CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin A. Kirk
    • 1
  • Tulashi Luitel
    • 1
  • Farideh Hosseini Narouei
    • 1
  • Silvana Andreescu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and Biomolecular ScienceClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

Personalised recommendations