Measuring Chimeric Antigen Receptor T Cells (CAR T Cells) Activation by Coupling Intracellular Cytokine Staining with Flow Cytometry
Chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR T cells) therapy is one kind of immunotherapy that has revolutionally changed the landscape of immunotherapy and been approved by the FDA from 2017 for several blood malignancies. To bring new CAR T cells to clinic, every new CAR need to test in vitro for antigen recognition, tumor cell killing capacity, and off-target cytotoxicity effect. Detecting the secretion of cytokines upon engagement of CAR T cells with tumor antigens is routinely applied to assess these CAR functions. Here we describe coupling of intracellular cytokine staining and multicolor flow cytometry to measure CAR T cells activation upon antigen stimulation.
Key wordsChimeric antigen receptor T cells CAR T cells Intracellular cytokine staining Flow cytometry T cell activation Immunotherapy
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