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Clinical Applications of Cell Encapsulation Technology

  • Edorta Santos-Vizcaino
  • Gorka Orive
  • Jose Luis Pedraz
  • Rosa Maria HernandezEmail author
Protocol
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 2100)

Abstract

Cell encapsulation comprises immunoisolation three-dimensional systems for housing therapeutic cells that secrete bioactive compounds de novo and in a sustained manner. This allows transplantation of multiple allo- or xenogeneic cells without the aid of immunosuppressant drugs. Recent advances in the field have provided improvements to these cell-based drug delivery systems, which have gained the attention of the scientific community and inspired many biotechnological companies to develop their own product candidates. From micro- to macroencapsulation devices, this chapter describes some of the most important approaches that are being currently tested in late-stage clinical trials and are likely to reach the market as future game changers. Most studies involve the treatment of diabetes, eye disorders, and diseases of the central nervous system. However, many other pathologies are also amenable to benefit from this technology. Latest advances to overcome major pending challenges related to biosafety and efficacy are also discussed.

Key words

Cell encapsulation Clinical trials Cell therapy Drug delivery Immunoisolation devices 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edorta Santos-Vizcaino
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gorka Orive
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jose Luis Pedraz
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rosa Maria Hernandez
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.NanoBioCel Group, Laboratory of Pharmaceutics, School of PharmacyUniversity of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)Vitoria-GasteizSpain
  2. 2.Biomedical Research Networking Centre in Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN)Vitoria-GasteizSpain
  3. 3.University Institute for Regenerative Medicine and Oral Implantology—UIRMI (UPV/EHU-Fundación Eduardo Anitua)VitoriaSpain
  4. 4.BTI Biotechnology InstituteVitoriaSpain

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