Limbal Stromal Tissue Specific Stem Cells and Their Differentiation Potential to Corneal Epithelial Cells
From the derivation of the first human embryonic stem (hES) cell line to the development of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells; it has become evident that tissue specific stem cells are able to differentiate into a specific somatic cell types. The understanding of key processes such as the signaling pathways and the role of the microenvironment in epidermal/epithelial development has provided important clues for the derivation of specific epithelial cell types.
Various differentiation protocols/methods were used to attain specific epithelial cell types. Here, we describe in detail the procedure to follow for isolation of tissue specific stem cells, mimicking their microenvironment to attain stem cell characteristics, and their potential differentiation to corneal epithelial cells.
Keywords:Tissue specific stem cells Multipotent stem cells Limbal stromal stem cells Differentiation Epithelial progenitor cells Corneal epithelium Epidermis
- 1.Katikireddy KR, Jurkunas UV (2012) Limbal stem cell transplantation and corneal neovascularization, new advances in stem cell transplantation. In: Demirer T (ed), ISBN: 978-953-51-0013-3, InTech. doi: 10.5772/26870. Available from: http://www.intechopen.com/books/new-advances-in-stem-cell-transplantation/limbal-stem-cell-deficiency-and-corneal-neovascularization