Mountain Hydrological Systems: Climate Change, Sustainability, Social Impacts Nexus

Mountain hydrological systems are difficult to study due to their complex geology, geomorphology and climate. Although they are in isolated areas, they may show anthropic and climate change influences. These factors produce several interactions that affect the local water cycle despite its importance to human populations. There is an increasing awareness regarding the importance of mountain hydrological systems as the source of a significant fraction of the world’s water resources. That has been recognised several times by UNESCO programmes or international geoparks in mountain systems. In many parts of the world, mountains are crucial for supplying freshwater to populations. Mountain water resources usually have great quality and strategic socio-economic importance. Therefore, it is crucial to ensure the sustainable management of mountain ecosystems to maintain the adequate quantity and quality of water supplies to the populations living downstream. Nevertheless, in many parts of the world, mountain sustainability is at risk due to several factors, such as growing water demand for urban, industrial and agricultural uses, changes in land use for urbanisation or agriculture, the construction of dams for water supply or hydropower, recreational activities and climate change.

Keywords:Mountain Hydrology; Groundwater; Hydrogeomorphology; Water Resources; Sustainability.


  • Jorge Espinha Marques

    Dr. Jorge Espinha Marques, University of Porto, Portugal Jorge Espinha Marques is a skilled Hydrogeologist (BSc, PhD) and Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Porto, Portugal. He is a senior researcher at Earth Sciences Institute (ICT) in Hydrogeology, Hydropedology, Mountain Hydrogeology, Groundwater Services, Water Resources and Environment. Currently, He belongs to the scientific advisory board in groundwater to the UNESCO Global Estrela Geopark in Portugal.

  • Augusto Pérez-Alberti

    Professor Augusto Pérez-Alberti, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain Augusto Pérez-Alberti is a skilled Geomorphologist (BSc, PhD) in multidisciplinary geosciences research, consultancy, and practice. Currently, it is an Emeritus Professor at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) and Senior Researcher at CRETUS Institute. His main research interests are the glacial-periglacial processes and sediments, rocky coasts geomorphology, landscape analysis in mountain environments, hydrogeomorphology and mapping. He has developed research in Spain, Portugal, Argentina, Uruguay, Morocco, Chile, and Antarctica.

  • Helder I. Chaminé

    Dr. Helder I. Chaminé, Polytechnic of Porto, Portugal Helder I. Chaminé is a skilled Geologist (BSc, PhD, DSc) with over 30 years of experience in multidisciplinary geoscience research and practice. He is an Engineering Geosciences Professor at the School of Engineering (ISEP), Polytechnic of Porto, Portugal, and Head of the Laboratory of Cartography and Applied Geology in ISEP. He belongs to the directive board of the Portuguese Chapter of the International Association of Hydrogeologists and the Technical Committee of Environmental Geotechnics of Portuguese Geotechnical Society.

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