Non-Communicable Diseases, Challenges and Solution

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a major obstacle globally to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), NCDs impede economic and environmental development. LMICs account for 86% of the 17 million people who die prematurely or before the age of 70 and account for more than three-quarters of all deaths from NCDs. As a result, NCDs place a heavy burden on health systems, making it challenging to achieve universal health coverage and other development goals. The theme of the SDG is “to leave no one behind”. To attain this goal, it is imperative to measure where progress has been made. Reducing premature mortality from NCDs is a specific target (3.4) of the SDGs. Given the links between NCDs and efforts to reduce poverty and inequality, boost economic growth, combat climate change, and finance development, the 2030 agenda of SGDs could lead to common outcomes. Most of the world's preventable illnesses, disabilities and death are caused by NCDs such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory disease. The NCD agenda was recently expanded to include mental health and environmental factors. This new collection issue brings together a wide and diverse author group to identify and provide a holistic perspective on the current challenges and scope of future action to tackle NCDs and improve health globally. The suggested solutions are scalable to accelerate attaining SDG by 2023. The four main risk factors for NCDs are smoking, physical inactivity, alcohol abuse, and poor diet. The purpose of this collection of articles is to present the latest cutting-edge scientific evidence, identify pressing problems, and challenges and disseminate evidence-based solutions in the field of NCD research. We welcome any work within the overall theme, including systematic or narrative reviews, original research, and unique clinical cases.

Articles (12 in this collection)