Eastern Mongolian Grassland Steppe



Nomadic livestock herders have coexisted with migratory wildlife in Mongolian grasslands for centuries, but both are now threatened by a combination of climate change, overgrazing, and increased extractive development (i.e., mining and petroleum). Both people and wildlife depend on grassland productivity for their survival, but increasing temperatures are projected to drive higher rates of evapotranspiration leading to moisture stress and decreased productivity. Combining ecoregional assessments with ecosystem-based adaptation strategies—such as the use of grass banks and sustainable grazing management—has the potential to help herders cope with climate change impacts and maintain sustainable livelihoods into the future. Accomplishing this will require coordinated regional planning that identifies where to implement specific on-the-ground conservation strategies to address climate change impacts such as desertification, soil loss, water scarcity, and overgrazing.


Climate Change Impact Dust Storm Aridity Index Gobi Desert Grazing Management 
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Copyright information

© Island Press 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harvard UniversityUSA
  2. 2.The Nature ConservancyColoradoUSA
  3. 3.The Nature ConservancyMongolia

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