Most nations around the world set aside some lands from where people live and work for the benefit of nature. Wildland ecosystems are those lands occupied chiefly by native plants and animals, not intensively used as urban or residential areas, and not intensively managed for the production of domesticated plants or animals (Kalisz and Wood 1995). Public parks, forests, grasslands, seashores, and other wildland ecosystems are central to the global strategy for the conservation of nature. These areas are also vital to the well-being of people. They provide essential ecosystem services, such as provisioning of food and water, supporting pollination and nutrient cycling, regulating floods and other disturbances, and providing aesthetic and recreational services (Wilkie et al. 2006; Friedman 2014).
KeywordsClimate Change Ecosystem Service National Park Climate Change Adaptation Climate Science
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