Advertisement

Beyond the livelihood framework: aspirations and well-being in encounters with aids orphans in Mozambique

  • Tanja R. Müller
Chapter
Part of the Mansholt Publication Series book series (MAUSHOLT, volume 12)

Abstract

This chapter uses the resource profile approach as a framework to explore well-being and future aspirations among orphans and vulnerable children in Central Mozambique who took part in an AIDS mitigation project aimed at shoring up rural livelihoods. It is shown that participation in the project has altered the resource profile of participants, not least in terms of bolstering cultural resources and enhancing the capacity to aspire. This has wider implications for individuals’ resource profile dynamics more generally and strengthens the case for interventions into HIV/AIDS based on a holistic understanding of people’s well-being. It also shows that capital-asset-based livelihood approaches fall short in terms of providing a useful framework to understand people’s lived realities.

Keywords

livelihood resource profile approach HIV/AIDS well-being 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was made possible by funding from The Nuffield Foundation under the Social Science Small Grant Scheme (reference number SGS/33575). I gratefully acknowledge this financial support. I also wish to thank staff at FAO offices in Rome and Chimoio for their support and initial information on the project, in particular Carol Djeddah and Mundie Salm. Special thanks to Francisca Raposo from the education office in Chimoio for her role in facilitating all field trips.

References

  1. Appadurai, A. (2004). The capacity to aspire: culture and the terms of recognition. In: V. Rao, & M. Walton (eds.) Culture and Public Action (pp. 59–84). Stanford, CA, USA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Barnett, T. (2007). HIV/AIDS, a long wave event: sundering the intergenerational bond. In: N. Poku, A. Whiteside, & B. Sandkjaer (eds.) AIDS and Governance (pp. 29–47). Aldershot, UK: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  3. Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Camfield, L., Choudhury, K., & Devine, J. (2007). Well-being, Happiness and Why Relationships Matter: Evidence from Bangladesh. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10(1), 71–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carney, D. (1998). Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. What Contribution Can We Make? London, UK: DFID.Google Scholar
  6. Djeddah, C., Mavanga, R., & Hendrickx, L. (2006). Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools: Experience form Mozambique. In: S. Gillespie (ed.) AIDS, Poverty, and Hunger: Challenges and Responses (pp. 325–339). Washington, DC, USA: International Food Policy Research Institute).Google Scholar
  7. Doyal, L., & Gough, I. (1991). A Theory of Human Need. Basingstoke, UK: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  8. Du Guerny, J., Hsu, L.-N., & Chhitna, S. (2002). Farmer Life Schools. A Development Strategy to Empower Rural Farmers and Prevent HIV. Bangkok, Thailand: UNDP and FAO.Google Scholar
  9. Ellis, F. (2000). Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. ESRC Research Group on Wellbeing in Developing Countries (WeD) (2007). Wellbeing and International Development. Available at: www.welldev.org.uk.
  11. Gudeman, S. (1986). Economics as culture. Models and metaphors of livelihood. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  12. Hunter, S., & Williamson, J. (1997). Children on the Brink. Strategies to Support a Generation Isolated by HIV/AIDS. Arlington, VA, USA: USAID.Google Scholar
  13. Masae, A. (2007). The Roles of Human, Social and Cultural Resources in Adapting Livelihood Strategies to Meet Wellbeing Aspirations in Contemporary Thailand. Paper presented at the International Conference on Happiness and Public Policy. Bangkok, Thailand, 18–19 July.Google Scholar
  14. McGregor, A. (2000). A Poverty of Agency: Resource Management Amongst Poor People in Bangladesh. University of Bath, Centre for Development Studies, UK, mimeo.Google Scholar
  15. McGregor, A. (2003). The Social and Cultural Construction of Wellbeing in Developing Countries. University of Bath, Centre for Development Studies, UK, mimeo.Google Scholar
  16. McGregor, A. (2007). Researching wellbeing: from concepts to methodology. In: Gough, I. and McGregor, A. (eds.), Wellbeing in Developing Countries. From Theory to Research (pp. 316–350). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Moser, C. (1998). The Asset Vulnerability Framework: Reassessing Urban Poverty Reduction Strategies. World Development, 26, 1–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Müller, T. (2010a). Changing Resource Profiles: Aspirations Among Orphans in Central Mozambique in the Context of an AIDS Mitigation Intervention. Journal of Development Studies, 46(2), 254–273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Müller, T. (2010b). AIDS mitigation through agriculture-based interventions: Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools and future livelihoods in Mozambique. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 31(3), 330–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Okoth, J., Khisa, O., & Thomas, J. (2002). Towards a holistic Farmer Field School approach for East Africa. Leisa, 18, 18–19.Google Scholar
  21. Saltmarshe, D. (2002). The Resource Profile Approach: A Kosovo Case Study. Public Administration and Development, 22, 179–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Scoones, I. (1998). Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. A Framework for Analysis, IDS Working Paper 72. Brighton, UK: IDS.Google Scholar
  23. Sen, A. (1999). Development as Freedom. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Sokunthea, N. (2002). The empowerment of Farmer Life Schools. Phnom Penh, Vietnam: UNDP and FAO.Google Scholar
  25. Stiglitz, J., Sen, A., & Fitoussi, J.-P. (2009). Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. Available at: www.stiglitz-sen-fitoussi.fr.
  26. Vikan, S. (2006). Orphans building livelihoods in the context of the AIDS epidemic in Mozambique. Unpublished Masters Dissertation, School of Development Studies. Norwich, UK: University of East Anglia.Google Scholar
  27. White, S., & Ellison, M. (2007). Wellbeing, livelihoods and resources in social practice. In: Gough, I., & McGregor, A. (eds.) Wellbeing in Developing Countries. From Theory to Research (pp. 157–175). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press,Google Scholar
  28. Yech, P. (2003). Farmer Life Schools in Cambodia. Leisa, 19, 11–12.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Wageningen Academic Publishers 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tanja R. Müller
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ManchesterManchesterUK

Personalised recommendations